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    Causes And Risk Factors Of Alcohol Abuse Episode-2

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    Causes and risk factors of Alcohol Abuse

    Alcoholism is influenced by genetic, biochemical, environmental, psychological, and societal variables.

    Genetic

    Genetics, according to scientists, may play an influence in the following:

    1.      Alcoholism is more likely to occur.

    2.      Tolerance has improved

    3.      A constant need for booze

    Genes that may play a role in alcoholism have yet to be discovered. A lot of twin and adoption studies back up the hypothesis that heredity has a role in drinking. Identical male twins raised in different circumstances shared characteristics of alcohol consumption, including dependence, in one research. Another study found that male brothers who were born into alcoholic homes but adopted into nonalcoholic families had a higher risk of developing alcoholism.

    Biology

    Alcohol dehydrogenate (a liver enzyme) deficiency or absence is associated with less drinking and a lower incidence of alcoholism in Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans, according to research. These people endure vomiting, flushing, and an elevated heart rate as a result of their livers' inability to break down alcohol, and thus don't drink as much. Researchers want to find a scientific explanation for the low incidence of alcoholism among Jews who drink heavily. Other groups are at a higher risk of becoming alcoholics. Native Americans (a group with a high rate of alcoholism) do not become intoxicated as rapidly as other races, therefore they may consume more alcohol.

    A probable link between particular brain wave patterns and an increased risk of drinking has been discovered in at least two studies.

    Culture, Psychology, and the Environment

    Drinking habit is influenced by gender, family history, and parenting. Men misuse alcohol in far more numbers than women; some estimate the ratio to be as high as 5:1. The number of women who drink, misuse, and get dependent on alcohol, on the other hand, is on the rise. According to studies, up to 25% of sons of alcoholic fathers develop alcoholism or dependence.

    The majority of alcoholics' offspring do not develop addiction. Children from homes with many risk factors are more likely to abuse and/or become addicted to alcohol. Growing up with parents that do any of the following things is one of these risk factors.

    1.      are alcohol-dependent

    2.      having a mental illness that is comorbid (s)

    3.      To cope with stress, drink alcohol.

    Other risk factors include family violence and having multiple near blood relatives who are alcoholics.

    Alcohol usage may be influenced by expectations and ideas about alcohol. Younger family members have a tendency to imitate their parents', siblings', and other family members' drinking habits. Peers also have an impact on drinking habits.

    According to several research, a lack of parental supervision, severe and repeated family conflict, and poor parent-child connections can all lead to adolescent alcohol misuse, regardless of whether there is a family history of alcoholism. Children with conduct disorders, poor socialization, and insufficient coping skills, as well as those who have minimal contact with their parents, other family members, or school, may be at a higher risk of alcohol addiction and/or dependency.

    According to a recent study by the National Institutes of Health, lower educational levels and unemployment do not lead to greater rates of drinking. According to the findings of a 1996 study, the rates of alcoholism among adult welfare recipients were equivalent to the overall population. Welfare clients had greater chances of death from alcoholism, according to the study.

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